23 Jan



Knowledge is the awareness as well as an understanding of some facts, subjects, and of course objects. Knowledge is, what is learned, absorbed, and aware of its uses. Furthermore, It is learning and scholarship. It can surely help us to solve our problems and more often improve our critical thinking and reasoning.





  1. Explicit,
  2. Tacit,
  3. Implicit,

KM is the process of defining, sharing, and Structuring knowledge. In addition, the main purpose of knowledge management is usually to improve an organization’s ability and efficiency and keeps that knowledge within the company. The main objective of knowledge management is to share perspectives, themes, and opinions, ideas, experiences, and information to ensure that these are available at the right place at the right time to make valuable decisions that can help to improve the productivity level of organizations.

The second definition of KM can also,’’ It is the process of more attentively collecting, sharing, maintaining or operating organizational knowledge and information. Additionally, We can say that It is a unique technique that must use an integrated approach to identifying, capturing, changing, and as well as sharing all the information assets of an organization. KM is very organized and moreover goal-oriented and has a direct link to the strategic goals of the business.

KM is very important and useful. Deeper, richer, clean, and most of all transparent information is one of the basic advantages of it. It is also very easy to apply this in any situation.KM is a framework in which an organization views all its processes as knowledge processes. Therefore, all business processes involve creating, innovating disseminating, renewing, and applying this toward organizational sustenance and survival. When discussing KM within an organizational context again it would mean arranging the collective information expertise in the shape of employees and the organizational processes. Some of the benefits of using KM software include greater employee efficiency and also productivity.


There are a lot of examples of KM. Some of them are as well,

  1. Document management:
  2. Content management:
  3. Social networking:
  4. Wikis:
  5. Intranets:
  6. Data warehouses:
  7. Databases:


This system makes retrieving documents easy, supports regulatory, compliance and effectively increases workflow in the organization. When we protect document management systems through passwords, firewalls, and backups, it can enhance Documents security as well. This system does not capture and analyze data automatically.



It is the same as a document management system although this can more advance and complex. CMS can store audio, video, and other media types in documents. This allows the website content, workflow, and collaboration online. You can also visit COOPERATIVE LEARNING




It is a very unique as well as a new style of knowledge management. It can connect people with each other, join groups, share information, and solve many issues jointly. This system can apply social networking to identify documents and transfer education.

17 Jan


·         GROUP:

‘’A number of people or thing that are located, gathered or closed together”.

The group development stages made was first proposed by Bruce Tuck man in 1965. He believed that these stages were necessary for group development. It makes groups, face challenges, tackle problems, find solutions, and deliver results.

These stages are five;

   i.            Forming          

                                ii.            Storming

                                iii.            Norming         

                               iv.            Performing

                               v.            Adjourning

1.      FORMING:

The first stage of group development. This is exactly like the first day at college or a new job. This is the first day of the meeting of all group members, First introduction with group members and leaders. All members are excited and full of zeal and zest. They just discuss their role, timeline, goals, and rules. At this stage, they are not very productive. We just get familiar with each other. You built a relationship with each other. They do not know much about one another. We are over-polite and wanted to present our positive side in front of others. They want to start something new and interesting. All share their background, values, interest, and experience with other members. We have anxiety and uncertainty about others.

2.      STORMING:

This is the second stage of group development. Now you are aware of other member’s characteristics. The reality hits the members and now they have pressure to complete the task on time. Their energy becomes less and even politeness and excitement wore off. At the first stage, they feel like everyone is perfect and flawless. In the second stage, they came to know that nothing is perfect in this world. Being in a team, one is in a relationship and now he is aware of other’s flaws and imperfections. At the storming stage, the sense to complete the task is top of all. Their disagreement is normal.

3.      NORMING: 

This is a positive stage. Now group members accept each other and appreciate other strengths and abilities with an open heart. Now they settle their disagreements. Everyone gives his/her best and contribute to complete the task. Their personal issues begin to be resolved. Members give respect to their leader and accept his orders fully. Group performance increases during this stage as members cooperate with each other. They are like a pure family now.


It is the fourth stage. The members are now confident, energetic, motivated, and know how to do the project, and know best about their team. They are their way to success. All the members are in the same driving seat and driving at full speed towards the final goal. This is the main stage of group development. Everyone tries to reach this stage; some groups cannot reach at this point because they cannot overcome their conflicts.


It is the final stage. That means that the group achieved its goal and now it is time to disband. This is known as the mourning stage. The group members are very close to each other and familiar and now they have to see off one another and say good-bye. Once the project ends, the team is disbanding. They achieved their goal but sad to leave the group. They have a sense of victory. You can also visit