23 Jan



Knowledge is the awareness as well as an understanding of some facts, subjects, and of course objects. Knowledge is, what is learned, absorbed, and aware of its uses. Furthermore, It is learning and scholarship. It can surely help us to solve our problems and more often improve our critical thinking and reasoning.





  1. Explicit,
  2. Tacit,
  3. Implicit,

KM is the process of defining, sharing, and Structuring knowledge. In addition, the main purpose of knowledge management is usually to improve an organization’s ability and efficiency and keeps that knowledge within the company. The main objective of knowledge management is to share perspectives, themes, and opinions, ideas, experiences, and information to ensure that these are available at the right place at the right time to make valuable decisions that can help to improve the productivity level of organizations.

The second definition of KM can also,’’ It is the process of more attentively collecting, sharing, maintaining or operating organizational knowledge and information. Additionally, We can say that It is a unique technique that must use an integrated approach to identifying, capturing, changing, and as well as sharing all the information assets of an organization. KM is very organized and moreover goal-oriented and has a direct link to the strategic goals of the business.

KM is very important and useful. Deeper, richer, clean, and most of all transparent information is one of the basic advantages of it. It is also very easy to apply this in any situation.KM is a framework in which an organization views all its processes as knowledge processes. Therefore, all business processes involve creating, innovating disseminating, renewing, and applying this toward organizational sustenance and survival. When discussing KM within an organizational context again it would mean arranging the collective information expertise in the shape of employees and the organizational processes. Some of the benefits of using KM software include greater employee efficiency and also productivity.


There are a lot of examples of KM. Some of them are as well,

  1. Document management:
  2. Content management:
  3. Social networking:
  4. Wikis:
  5. Intranets:
  6. Data warehouses:
  7. Databases:


This system makes retrieving documents easy, supports regulatory, compliance and effectively increases workflow in the organization. When we protect document management systems through passwords, firewalls, and backups, it can enhance Documents security as well. This system does not capture and analyze data automatically.



It is the same as a document management system although this can more advance and complex. CMS can store audio, video, and other media types in documents. This allows the website content, workflow, and collaboration online. You can also visit COOPERATIVE LEARNING




It is a very unique as well as a new style of knowledge management. It can connect people with each other, join groups, share information, and solve many issues jointly. This system can apply social networking to identify documents and transfer education.

17 Jan


·         GROUP:

‘’A number of people or thing that are located, gathered or closed together”.

The group development stages made was first proposed by Bruce Tuck man in 1965. He believed that these stages were necessary for group development. It makes groups, face challenges, tackle problems, find solutions, and deliver results.

These stages are five;

   i.            Forming          

                                ii.            Storming

                                iii.            Norming         

                               iv.            Performing

                               v.            Adjourning

1.      FORMING:

The first stage of group development. This is exactly like the first day at college or a new job. This is the first day of the meeting of all group members, First introduction with group members and leaders. All members are excited and full of zeal and zest. They just discuss their role, timeline, goals, and rules. At this stage, they are not very productive. We just get familiar with each other. You built a relationship with each other. They do not know much about one another. We are over-polite and wanted to present our positive side in front of others. They want to start something new and interesting. All share their background, values, interest, and experience with other members. We have anxiety and uncertainty about others.

2.      STORMING:

This is the second stage of group development. Now you are aware of other member’s characteristics. The reality hits the members and now they have pressure to complete the task on time. Their energy becomes less and even politeness and excitement wore off. At the first stage, they feel like everyone is perfect and flawless. In the second stage, they came to know that nothing is perfect in this world. Being in a team, one is in a relationship and now he is aware of other’s flaws and imperfections. At the storming stage, the sense to complete the task is top of all. Their disagreement is normal.

3.      NORMING: 

This is a positive stage. Now group members accept each other and appreciate other strengths and abilities with an open heart. Now they settle their disagreements. Everyone gives his/her best and contribute to complete the task. Their personal issues begin to be resolved. Members give respect to their leader and accept his orders fully. Group performance increases during this stage as members cooperate with each other. They are like a pure family now.


It is the fourth stage. The members are now confident, energetic, motivated, and know how to do the project, and know best about their team. They are their way to success. All the members are in the same driving seat and driving at full speed towards the final goal. This is the main stage of group development. Everyone tries to reach this stage; some groups cannot reach at this point because they cannot overcome their conflicts.


It is the final stage. That means that the group achieved its goal and now it is time to disband. This is known as the mourning stage. The group members are very close to each other and familiar and now they have to see off one another and say good-bye. Once the project ends, the team is disbanding. They achieved their goal but sad to leave the group. They have a sense of victory. You can also visit

21 Dec





Cooperative learning can be defined as, ‘’breaking the students of a classroom into small units. Therefore they can discover new things easily and learn from one another. They help each other in learning’’.cooperative learning is very useful. When students get familiar with each other, they respect and listen to one another. They share their ideas. They work in-group but maintain their individual personality. The teacher needs to be a master in the use of this learning in class to get positive feedback. Then Students can learn math, English, language, sciences, and arts with the help of cooperative learning.

  •            MY STRATEGY:

Being a teacher of grade 8th, I like to apply these two cooperative learning strategies. My first strategy is the roundtable strategy.


When I was in my first year, my teacher used this strategy. Currently, I like it very much. It was very effective. It helps us a lot. She often used it during her period of English.


It is a very good, effective, and interactive activity to practice vocabulary, grammar, and even content. The procedure is,

ROUNDTABLE STRATEGY n cooperative learning

i.            We need to divide the class into small groups and rows.

ii.            Now, For example, I will prepare a paper sheet for every group with the question on the top of the paper.

iii.            Now this paper is answered by every student individually in the group.

iv.            They see other student’s answers as well.

v.            In round table, each student says a response, writes it on the paper, and passes it on.

This is the complete procedure of a roundtable cooperative learning strategy. You can also read smart phones can change the world positively.


My second strategy is THREE MINUTES REVIEW. It is although another good strategy. we make students think about the question, problem, and content. you can engage the attention of the students. It needs no specific environment. You can start it anywhere anytime. In addition, It is very effective and easy.

  •            PROCEDURE:
  1.           I will divide my class into small groups of 4 and 6.
  2.          I will give them a lecture; suddenly I will stop anywhere during the lesson.
  3.          I will ask them about the topic that I will teach them.
  4.          I will give them three minutes to review their answers.
  5.         They will team up. After this, they will discuss the topic with their group members.
  6.         Every group tells me about the topic. The whole class listens to what they think about the topic.
  7.         In this way, we will have many answers.

For example, after the discussion on the topic’ digestion’. I will ask them different questions. In addition, give those three minutes to review and then answers me back.

These are the two strategies that I am going to use as a teacher.

9 Dec

Smartphones can change the World positively


A lot of new things take place over the last some years. The massive use of computers, cell phones, changes in governments, how people think about news, console gaming systems, and a host of other elements have changed. However, some of the biggest changes come from how habitual of smartphones we are now. Gone are the days of being stuck in one place at a time, gone are the endless sounds of dialup connects sounds raging out from behind our computers. Now we pick up and go, become mobile with anything we do has changed how we do just about everything in our lives.


      The whole world is on your palm.


smartphones have changed our life completely by providing incredible features and technology. Now, people use mobile phones for entertainment purposes rather than communication services. Time has changed a lot, now smartphones have evolved into minicomputers. Now a single person can perform so many tasks from a single device. The cell market is full of various widgets and mobile phone deals. Therefore, it has become very difficult to chose good gadgets deals within a budget. Mobile technology keeps on changing and new applications make our everyday life more interesting. we get to see some new features. The latest handsets have everything in it from multimedia to productivity instruments.


We can see the whole world on our cellphones. Now an individual needs nothing like a newspaper, t.v set, or radio. He/She only needs a phone with the internet and the world is in our palm.  One of the most important specifications of this device is its screen. With the touch screens, it has become possible to do work with a single touch on the mobile phone. Many companies are coming with a larger display, brighter display gadgets to watch videos and photos clearly. For example, With Nokia mobile phones one can easily watch live TV, videos, or snaps over their big display screen. You can also visit